Tuesday, August 23, 2016

Puzzling questions about Huma Abedin .

Huma and Hillary is there
something more going on?
Huma Abedin may have been completely forgotten had it not been for two people in her life . First, her husband (1.1)>>Anthony Weiner former member of the United States House of Representatives from New York City, has been involved in two sexual scandals related to sexting, or sending explicit sexual material by cell phone. No one would ever guess that his wife was hiding anything . Recently with Clinton's e-mail scandal, Huma Abedin has hit center stage for the bizarre . Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump on Monday went after former New York Rep. Anthony Weiner (D), calling the husband of a top Hillary Clinton aide a "pervert sleaze."
 "What about the fact that Huma Abedin — who knows every single thing about Hillary Clinton, she knows more about Hillary than Hillary knows — and she's married to a pervert sleaze named Anthony Weiner, who will send anything that he has out over Twitter," Trump said on "Fox and Friends."
 "I mean, she's married to Anthony Weiner. She knows everything that Hillary Clinton is doing, and she's married to a guy that has no control over himself," Trump said.
 In June, Trump accused Abedin of sharing sensitive information with her husband, saying at the time, "Who the hell wants that? It's not right." Huma Abedin was known for a long time to be connected to the (1.2)>>Muslim Brotherhood , but these so called "allegations"  may have roosted away from media attention ,since the "focus" was Mrs. Clinton . Now some bio on Abedin is how long she was associated with the Clinton's. While a student at George Washington University, Abedin began working as an intern in the White House in 1996, assigned to then-First Lady Hillary Clinton. In 1998, she was also an assistant editor of JMMA. For several years, she served as the back-up to Clinton's personal aide. She officially took over as Clinton’s aide and personal advisor during Clinton's successful 2000 U.S. Senate campaign in New York and later worked as traveling chief of staff and "body woman" during Clinton's unsuccessful campaign for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination. Writing in Vogue during the 2007 campaign, Rebecca Johnson called her (2)>>"Hillary's secret weapon" and noted that what seemed to motivate Abedin was
not the details of policy or political horse-racing, but rather "the way that politicians are uniquely invested with the power to help individuals—as with, say, the woman whose legs were badly broken by a piece of plane fuselage on September 11," whom Abedin and Clinton visited in the hospital. Abedin told Johnson, "To me, that’s one of the blessings of this job. In some tiny, tiny way I am part of history, but I am also able to help people. According to a number of Clinton associates, Abedin is also a trusted advisor to Clinton, particularly on the Middle East, and has become known for that expertise. “She is a person of enormous intellect with in-depth knowledge on a number of issues—especially issues pertaining to the Middle East,” said Senator John McCain.
Is she the Mole ?
Gohmert tried to get her security clearance pulled in 2012, had hearings and nothing happened. Breitbart has raised it again and again and again. nothing happened (see Notes and Comments) .With only 76 days until American voters go to the polls, the email trouble Clinton has tried, unsuccessfully, to put to rest simply refuses to go away. It seems that her security clearance gave access to Clinton's e-mails . The 35 pages of emails released Monday include detailed schedules of Clinton's high-level phone calls – and her movements.The detailed schedules also contain a warning: 'The information contained in this email is not to be shared, forwarded or duplicated.'One of them was a minute-by-minute schedule for Hillary's day on January 31, 2013.But Abedins email threads lived on Hillary Clinton's private email server, not on her official 'state.gov' acdress. Abedin had a private account through the 'clintonemails.com' domain.That raises new questions about how Hillary's government aides – not just Clinton herself – may have exposed her to needless risk through the use of an unsanctioned private email account for official business.Hillary Clinton’s health was a serious concern among friends as far back as 2009, recent emails obtained through a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit reveal.In another email, sick Hillary tells her aide Huma Abedin (who was recently revealed to have ties to an anti-gay, pro-terrorism journal) that she is too exhausted to take a bus and instead must be flown via Air Force Once. The Abedin emails reveal that the longtime Clinton aide apparently served as a conduit between Clinton Foundation donors and Hillary Clinton while Clinton served as secretary of state. In more than a dozen email exchanges, Abedin provided expedited, direct access to Clinton for donors who had contributed from $25,000 to $10 million to the Clinton Foundation. In many instances, Clinton Foundation top executive Doug Band, who worked with the Foundation throughout Hillary Clinton’s tenure at State, coordinated closely with Abedin. In Abedin’s June deposition to Judicial Watch, she conceded that part of her job at the State Department was taking care of “Clinton family matters.”
Hillary's girlfriend ?
Huma looks on over Hillary .
Hillary's relationship with Huma is strange , but I don't know how much is hearsay , but its peculiar enough is their always seen together  . Huma is not a secret agent . Though you could imagine her as one . I think she is another kinda of "agent" . According to the National Enquirer, some of those infamous “deleted” emails that Hillary has been so desperately trying to hide include many lesbian references as well as a list of female lovers she has had.While reporters haven’t published names from the list yet, the lesbian lovers reportedly includes a woman in her early 30s who travels with Hillary a lot, a popular movie star, and the daughter of a major government official. There’s even an international supermodel whose career was launched after she slept with Hillary. Apparently, Hillary made the major mistake of mixing private and public emails on her personal email account.The Politico website had a interesting piece , One of its most-read stories is a 2013 slideshow called "How Close Are Huma Abedin and Hillary Clinton?" whose thumbnail promo image is a picture of Abedin (a longtime Clinton aide) leaning in close to Clinton's ear as Clinton expresses what might be interpreted as lightly mischievious amusement. You might say its idle gossip  , but something else could be going on, PERSONALLY I don't care what sexual orientation otherwise is going on . It's not our "business" , my reservations are that (2.2>>Abedin was a intern during the Bill Clinton administration , she was right in the theater of the Monica Lewinsky scandal .   Of course, the Hillary-Huma "whispers" existed well before 2013. Michael Musto of the Village Voice wrote about them in 2007, as did the London Times and Drudge. (You can read more about the history of the faux-smear—which ties in with the right-wing-lunatic conspiracy theory that Abedin is an agent of the Muslim Brotherhood—in Gawker here.) It's hard to believe that the various editorial employees of a politics-only news site who were involved in compiling and publishing the images had no idea that there were sexuality-related rumors about Abedin and Clinton. Interestingly, this seeming conflict-of-interest scenario continued even as Huma followed Hillary to the Obama State Department as Mrs. Clinton’s Personal Adviser and Deputy Chief of Staff. Everywhere Hillary Clinton went throughout the world as Secretary of State, Huma Abadin was there as well. By this time, the two women had never left each other’s side for thirteen years.Once whispered rumors were quickly turning to shouts. Obama staffers would openly joke about the Hillary-Huma relationship as did various State Department officials. The name “Huma Clinton” became a particular favorite as the two women were largely considered to be a single, functioning unit.The FBI is expected to interview Clinton and Abedin in the coming months about their use of private email to process classified information at the department. If a court agrees to a discovery request related to the issue by nonprofit group Judicial Watch, both could also be called to provide public testimony about their email.
NOTES AND COMMENTS:
(1.1)>>Anthony Weiner . Anthony Weiner and his wife Huma Abedin appear in a new documentary trying to work through the aftermath of his 2011 downfall - only for a new scandal to shake up their lives. 'Weiner', which was released on May 20th  in theaters, chronicles his disastrous 2013 mayoral run and his attempt to stage a political comeback, two years after his first scandal.
(1)>>Muslim Brotherhood . In a letter dated June 13, 2012, to the State Department Inspector General, five Republican members of Congress—Michele Bachmann of Minnesota, Trent Franks of Arizona, Louie Gohmert of Texas, Thomas J. Rooney of Florida, and Lynn Westmoreland of Georgia—claimed that Abedin "has three family members – her late father, her mother and her brother – connected to Muslim Brotherhood operatives and/or organizations." The five members of Congress alleged that Abedin had "immediate family connections to foreign extremist organizations" which they said were "potentially disqualifying conditions for obtaining a security clearance" and questioned why Abedin had not been "disqualified for a security clearance."The claims in the letter were generally rejected, and were labeled by some as conspiracy theories. The Washington Post editorial board called the allegations "paranoid," a "baseless attack," and a "smear." The letter was also criticized by, among others, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and Representative Keith Ellison, Democrat of Minnesota, the first Muslim member of Congress, who called the allegation "reprehensible."Senator John McCain, Republican of Arizona, also rejected the allegations, saying "The letter and the report offer not one instance of an action, a decision or a public position that Huma has taken while at the State Department that would lend credence to the charge that she is promoting anti-American activities within our government....These attacks on Huma have no logic, no basis and no merit." Bachmann's former campaign manager Ed Rollins said the allegations were "extreme and dishonest" and called for Bachmann to apologize to Abedin. The Anti-Defamation League condemned the letter, calling upon the Representatives involved to "stop trafficking in anti-Muslim conspiracy theories." (2)>>"Hillary's secret weapon". Apart from their working relationship, Abedin and Mrs. Clinton have also developed a close personal bond over their years together, as reflected in Clinton's 2010 assertion that: “I have one daughter. But if I had a second daughter, it would [be] Huma.” In 2011, Secretary Clinton paid a friendly visit to Abedin's mother, Saleha, in Saudi Arabia. On that occasion, Mrs. Clinton publicly described her aide's position as “very important and sensitive.” (2.2>>Abedin was a intern during the Bill Clinton administration . Therein we find the long-whispered about relationship between Hillary Clinton and Huma Abedin, a relationship that began at the very same time Bill Clinton began his own involvement with Monika Lewinsky. Hillary and Huma have been inseparable for nearly a quarter century and yet, remarkably, Huma Abedin remains a name the vast majority of Americans have never heard of. Abedin must have been close enough to have heard rumors regarding Bill.

Monday, August 15, 2016

Marijuana Wars.

The "UP'S and Downs" of legalization .
Turning a new leaf as we would say , the DEA came down hard this week  on any such hopes on a "medicinal" value to the plant . Even though there has been substantial research that medical cannabis has some value in treating illness . Marijuana (0)>>will  still remain a Schedule l controlled substance, which declares it has "no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse," the Drug Enforcement Administration said Thursday. This keeps the drug in the same category as heroin, LSD and Ecstasy. Dangerous, addictive, and without medical merit.Chuck Rosenberg, the acting head of the D.E.A., wrote in the decision . The federal government has sponsored negative propaganda about marijuana while allowing booze to be the national drug of choice. A large part of our prison population involves non-violent recreational and medical users, despite new findings with independent research that demonstrated cannabis was a powerful medical tool for even cancer.Here's the irony of all ironies. In 1974, the DEA decided on a study to prove marijuana kills brain cells as more “proof” for their anti-pot propaganda.  The NIH (National Institutes of Health) funded the Virginia Medical College to study the effects on brain cells with an animal study. As the study progressed, what was leaked was not what the DEA wanted.  Now I am just speculating that the DEA and it's decision is pretty much inlined with the new  (1.1)>>incoming administration in Washington  D.C. I mean Hillary R Clinton . Its a curious stance that is so full of hypocrisy , while the DEA and the FDA have long "approved" dangerous drugs that have killed people such as (1.2)>>Opioids - For now, Washington appears ready to allow opioid prescriptions to remain widely accessible, a victory for pharmacies, drug makers and, lawmakers say, consumers — and instead focus on the treatment of addiction, not its source. Still, the U.S. Justice Department's , and the DEA is unwilling to take such action, then it is incumbent that members of Congress act swiftly to amend cannabis’ criminal status in a way that comports with both public and scientific opinion. (2)>>But for Big Pharma and Big Tobacco – who fund these anti-marijuana efforts – it’s really about the bottom line. For years, large corporations and well-heeled lobbyists have blocked the legalization of marijuana for medical use or recreational use in order to protect their own profits.Reflecting the increasing acceptance of the drug, and in direct conflict with the DEA’s conclusion, some states have dialed down their marijuana laws in recent years. Prohibited across the country less than five years ago, marijuana is now legal and regulated in Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Washington, and the District of Columbia. The four states that have legalized recreational marijuana use have done so through ballot initiatives. And this November, voters in Arizona, California, Maine, Massachusetts, and Nevada will also vote on ballot initiatives that would repeal prohibition of the drug. Indeed, as legalized pot grows in state after state, so has the industrial complex around it. This year, though, marks the first time this new legal pot industry has significantly contributed to making itself bigger.The public is split, however, on marijuana’s potential dangers. In Pew’s poll, among those who favored legalization, the belief that marijuana is not as dangerous as other drugs was the second most often cited reason for legalization, following its “medicinal benefits.” But those who thought marijuana shouldn’t be legal cited “dangerous, addictive” potential almost as frequently among their reasons against legalization.  The shift in public opinion has been dramatic. According to annual Gallup polls, only a quarter of Americans supported marijuana legalization when California voted for medical marijuana in 1996, with that number gradually, but steadily, increasing to 44 percent in 2009, before spiking upward ever since then to sit at 58 percent now. California isn't the only state riding the wave this year . November 9th will be a big year for legalization in California , whether to legalize the use of recreational marijuana in the nation's most populous state.California's secretary of state announced  that the measure had obtained enough signatures to be placed on the ballot. Its supporters have raised $3.53 million,The Sacramento Bee reports — nearly 31 times more than what opponents have raised.
POSSIBLE DANGERS HOWEVER .
I Joked at one time that the first people in line to buy Marijuana would be the politicians , and government officials . Now we have to have some serious talk about the stuff . I feel that there are (3)>>PROBLEMS with legalization . Most obvious is that people will mix cannabis with alcohol .  And if your smoke cigarettes , Nicotine is the only drug that eclipses alcohol and marijuana as the most commonly used drugs in the U.S., according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. So, it makes sense that the latter two are also the most common drugs to be used together. Although most people probably have a preference of which drug they prefer, you most likely wouldn’t have to go very far to get a firsthand account of what it’s like to be high on alcohol and marijuana at the same time. What many don’t understand is the biology behind the side effects that follow using these drugs concurrently.Today's marijuana is more potent by far than the weed sold a generation ago, according to new data being presented. American Chemical Society (ACS).The research comes from Charas Scientific, one of a handful of labs certified to test the potency of marijuana in Colorado, where recreational use of the drug became legal last year. Compared to the 1980s, when federal officials say the level was about 4 percent, "that's a dramatic increase in the part that gets you high, of the samples his lab has tested in recent months.potency values close to 30 percent THC, which is huge.But the real question is whether marijuana use causes or increases the likelihood that someone uses other drugs. On that front researchers  found that “there is no evidence to suggest that the use of cannabis causes or increases the risk that an individual will move on to use other drugs.” However on its own it is less "harmless" ? , knowing our population the potential of real harm. As more states consider decriminalizing marijuana, the scientific and public health communities are beginning to catch up with answers to some of the tough research questions about broad usage of the drug in the general population.

NOTES AND COMMENTS: 
(0)>>will  still remain a Schedule l .All drugs, both legal and illegal, are listed in various categories known as schedules, placed in Schedule I, are the most restrictive. Schedule I also includes heroin, LSD, and ecstasy.Drugs listed in Schedule II include some illegal substances, including cocaine, but also such legal (though carefully controlled) drugs such as Demerol, Vicodin, Ritalin, and OxyContin. Most prescription drugs with a lower potential for abuse are in Schedules III to V — the higher the number, the fewer the restrictions.(1.1)>>incoming administration in Washington  D.CFormer Secretary of State Hillary Clinton seems to have changed her mind when it comes to marijuana policy, according to National Journal. Clinton had previously expressed that she did not want marijuana decriminalized, but thought research ought to be done into its benefits. On Tuesday, she appeared to be more acquiescent to a change in the law. Clinton called for more research to be done, without doubting the medical benefits. Hillary stopped short of making an endorsement, saying, “I think we need to be very clear about the benefits of marijuana use for medicinal purposes. I don’t think we’ve done enough research yet.”When she came to the issue of whether it should be legal for adults to use, Clinton said that states like Colorado and Washington have already reformed and that they are “laboratories of democracy.” Clinton claims to be holding out on forming her opinion until she has the evidence from the two states. Her change of heart mirrors that of the Democratic Party, which, as of late, has become more amenable to the case for making marijuana legal for adults to use, medically or otherwise.
(1.2)>>Opioids. Medications that fall within this class include hydrocodone (e.g., Vicodin), oxycodone (e.g., OxyContin, Percocet), morphine (e.g., Kadian, Avinza), codeine, and related drugs. Hydrocodone products are the most commonly prescribed for a variety of painful conditions, including dental and injury-related pain.Morphine is often used before and after surgical procedures to alleviate severe pain. Codeine, on the other hand, is often prescribed for mild pain. In addition to their pain relieving properties, some of these drugs—codeine and diphenoxylate (Lomotil) for example—can be used to relieve coughs and severe diarrhea. According to a 2015 National Bureau of Economic Research study, “States permitting medical marijuana dispensaries experience a relative decrease in both opioid addictions and opioid overdose deaths compared to states that do not.”Separate studies also find that cannabis is associated with better treatment outcomes in opioid-dependent subjects. Writing this year in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, researchers at Columbia University reported a “beneficial effect of marijuana smoking on treatment retention.”They added, “Participants who smoked marijuana had less difficulty with sleep and anxiety and were more likely to remain in treatment as compared to those who were not using marijuana.”Opioids were responsible for over 2,000 deaths in New England over the last year, while cannabis is incapable of causing death by overdose. Politicians should welcome the opportunity to bring necessary and long-overdue regulatory controls to the marijuana market. (2)>>But for Big Pharma and Big Tobacco .The crusaders against weed constitute a long list of suspiciously self-interested folks.Lobbyists work hard to secure for police departments millions of dollars in federal grants towards eradicating weed. Pharmaceutical companies compensate leading anti-marijuana researchers in order to keep their customers on painkillers over cannabis, which is cheaper. The prison-industrial complex would like to keep making money on building more prisons to fill with non-violent grass-smokers.The alcohol and beer industries have also lobbied for years to keep marijuana illegal because they fear the competition that legalized weed would bring. Howard Wooldridge, an anti-drug war activist and retired cop told the online publication Republic Report: “Marijuana and alcohol compete right today as a product to take the edge off the day at six o’clock.” (3)>>PROBLEMS.   Using alcohol and marijuana at the same time is often referred to as "cross fading." Some people will mix the two because they enjoy the unique high it gives them. For others, they are already so intoxicated with alcohol that they are no longer making rational decisions. To them, taking a toke of a joint seems like a good idea at the time, although some may regret it later. When people smoke marijuana and drink alcohol at the same time they can experience nausea and/or vomiting or they can react with panic, anxiety or paranoia. Mixing marijuana with alcohol can increase the risk of vulnerable people experiencing psychotic symptoms.There is some evidence to support that having alcohol in your blood causes a faster absorption of THC (the active ingredient in marijuana that causes intoxication). This can lead to the marijuana having a much stronger effect than it would normally have and could result in ‘greening out’.Greening out is a term commonly referred to in a situation where people feel sick after smoking marijuana. They can go pale and sweaty, feel dizzy, nauseous and may even start vomiting. They usually feel they have to lie down straight away.It appears that this is more likely to happen if a person has been drinking alcohol before smoking marijuana rather than the other way around.

Monday, August 8, 2016

Expedition MARS.

The first part of the two-phase, joint European-Russian ExoMars mission is scheduled to reach Mars , is on track to arrive at the Red Planet in October. Over the last several years there have many space missions to Mars , along with robotic rovers . Along with Jupiter which has one probe set to orbit it this month . Just thinking about another mission to Mars is exciting .(1)>>The rovers were sent with the specific goals of locating and examining soils and rocks that might hold clues to past water activity on Mars. The rovers landed in different regions of the planet. The landing sites were chosen because previous observations had suggested water activity in the areas. The rovers carry various scientific instruments that aid the scientists in their long distance exploration. The panoramic camera helps determine the texture and structure of the terrain. Spectrometers are used for analysis of soil, rock, and atmospheric samples. A microscopic imager is used to collect high resolution images of soil and rock particles. There is also a rock abrasion tool that removes weathered surfaces from rocks, exposing fresh materials for examination by the imager and spectrometers.So what have the two rovers found? Lots and lots of evidence that liquid water was once plentiful on the surface of Mars! Among this evidence, they have found crystals that only grow in the presence of water, and rock formations which could only have been carved by flowing liquid water.The huge number of attempted Mars missions may seem surprising, especially since many of our solar system's other planets and moons remain relatively unstudied. But the Red Planet keeps calling us back — and for good reason, experts say.he Mars exploration era began in October 1960, when the Soviet
Union launched two probes four days apart. The spacecraft, known in the West as Marsnik 1 and Marsnik 2, were designed to perform flybys of the Red Planet, but neither even reached Earth orbit.The United States got in the game in 1964, launching the Mariner 3 spacecraft on an intended Mars flyby. The mission failed, but Mariner 4 succeeded, cruising past the Red Planet in July 1965 and sending 21 photos back to Earth.The nation built on that accomplishment, sending a series of orbiters, landers and rovers to Mars over the following five decades.NASA was ESA's original partner on ExoMars, whose name is short for Exobiology on Mars. But the American space agency dropped out in February 2012, citing budget issues. About a year later, ESA signed a deal with Roscosmos, the Russian federal space agency, to pick up the slack. Existing schemes, including the ones scheduled by NASA (1.2)>>for the 2030s, don't factor in the fuel or resources for a return trip, which means the first human settlers would have to live out the rest of their days there. Previous proposals have also reckoned with a journey time of something like 18 months, which means astronauts are more at risk of contracting various diseases and ailments along the way.(2)>>Russia has announced that it will test a nuclear engine in 2018 that could help cosmonauts reach Mars in just six weeks. It's actually Russia's national nuclear corporation, Rosatom, that has the big idea for a nuclear-powered spaceship, and it's not a completely new concept either: both Russia and the United States were working on similar systems during the Cold War of the 1960s and onwards, although their efforts were focused on lightweight orbital satellites rather than space vehicles to take us to Mars and back again. There are more Russian ambitious spaceflight goals are laid out in a strategy document drawn up recently by Russia's Federal Space Agency (known as Roscosmos), the Russian newspaper Kommersant reported. And there's more. Roscosmos wants a new rocket called Angara to become the nation's workhorse launch vehicle by 2020, replacing the venerable Soyuz and Proton rockets that have been carrying the load since the 1960s. The space agency also plans to top Angara with a new six-seat spaceship, an upgrade over the three-passenger Soyuz spacecraft that is currently the world's only means of transporting astronauts to and from the International Space Station. [Photos: Building the International Space Station]  The annexation of Crimea, the war in Ukraine, and the resulting economic sanctions from the West—combined with falling oil prices—have squeezed the Russian economy and forced Moscow to tighten the belt across the board. Not surprisingly, all but most essential projects in the Russian space program were slashed. The practical advantages I'm thinking of deal with the development of technology and knowledge of operating off world for extended periods. We don't have long duration life support systems for the ISS so we have to send multiple resupply vehicles each year. The Apollo astronauts talked of the challenges of dealing with the lunar dust. Dust will also be a problem on Mars, so lunar experience can help develop the technology and techniques for dealing with it. The environmental and gravitational conditions are quite different on the moon and Mars but there may be some lessons learned about long duration EVA suits and habitation technology. No one has gone beyond LEO since 1972, so building the experience levels of both the astronauts and ground crews will be important. IMO, going to Mars first without developing and testing these technologies under harsh conditions will increase the chances of mission failure.Russia plans to launch one or two manned space missions to the Moon each year between 2025 and 2040, A lunar base, for real. Long the stuff of science fiction, it seems Russia is trying to do this for real, or at least wants to. The BBC reportedHowever, at the moment it is unclear whether this big idea will actually come to fruition. According to Tech Times, the head of Lin Industrial Sergei Burkayovsky has so far only invested $176,000 into the project; around a tenth of what Lunar Mission One has so far raised. That’s not enough to build the first prototype rocket, and is only a sliver of the $13.5 million required to test it.

NOTES AND COMMENTS:
(1)>>The rovers. Four years ago today, NASA's Mars rover Curiosity made one of the most dramatic and harrowing landings in the history of space exploration.On the night of Aug. 5, 2012, a rocket-powered "sky crane" lowered the car-size Curiosity onto Mars' red dirt using cables, then flew off and crash-landed intentionally a safe distance away.Curiosity team members had modeled this novel technique repeatedly using computers, but it had never been tested fully here on Earth, let alone employed on the surface of another world. [Curiosity Team Highlights 4th Year on Mars (Video)(1.2)>>for the 2030s.On July 8,2016 the president of the French space agency, Jean-Yves Le Gall, reiterated his view that what’s going on at NASA and in the U.S. private sector, notably with SpaceX of Hawthorne, California, make it more likely that human missions to Mars will occur sooner than the 2030s.French scientists have long preferred Mars to the Moon as an exploration destination and CNES has participated on nearly all the NASA-led Mars missions
in recent years.    (2)>>Russia .  The $274 million project, which was originally overseen by the space agency RosCosmos in 2010, has now become the responsibility of nuclear group, Rosatom. If Russia can successfully achieve this they will steal a march on Nasa to be the most advanced spacefaring nation.Its a pity that Nasa pulled back on manned missions to the moon and mars and i guess they were confident they were the most advanced space nation.They made it to the moon and they thought they had won the space race.Like the hare they dozed off and the russian tortoise looks like making spectacular advances with this technology.Doing Mars in 6wks will be groundbreaking.In July 1988, the nation launched the Phobos 1 and 2 missions in a bold effort to investigate Mars and its small moon, Phobos. This was one of the most innovative planetary missions ever attempted, involving the first close scientific investigation of and landing on another planet's moon.Some scientists believe that Phobos, and the other Martian moon Deimos, are captured asteroids. Scientists are interested in knowing how asteroids formed and what that can reveal about the creation of the solar system. In addition to studying Phobos, the spacecrafts were designed to take photographs and measurements of Mars and its environment.The two spacecraft were to have entered Martian orbit and then
gradually maneuvered toward Phobos, flying to within 31 to 62 meters (100 to 200 feet) of the surface. The spacecraft would use a laser instrument to vaporize small parts of the surface. The vapors would be measured to determine the chemical composition of the surface. Another instrument would measure the composition by emitting a concentrated beam of krypton particles. A mass spectrometer would have measured the particles given off by the surface material.The most interesting aspect of the mission involved two landers that each spacecraft was to have released. The larger lander included a camera, a surface penetrator, and other instruments to measure the surface of Phobos. Because the moon's gravity is so small, a harpoon-like object would be driven into the surface to keep the probe from drifting back into orbit. The smaller lander, which weighed 50 kilograms (110 pounds), had spring-loaded legs that would allow it to hop around the surface. The lander would make chemical, magnetic and gravity observations at different locations.The mission was the most international planetary program ever run by the Soviet Union. It included equipment, cameras and instruments from 14 nations. Participants included the European Space Agency and individual European nations such as Austria, France, Sweden, Switzerland, and West Germany. The United States government allowed American scientists to serve as advisors and contributed the use of its Deep Space Network for tracking the twin spacecraft. As a result, scientists in many nations eagerly awaited the results.Unfortunately, they were deeply disappointed. Phobos 1 was lost on September 2, 1988, when a controller sent the wrong command to the spacecraft's computer. Phobos 1 became disoriented and lost its lock on the sun. The solar cells could not function properly and the probe lost power.Phobos 2 entered Martian orbit on January 30, 1989, and began making observations of Mars and Phobos. However, it failed after moving within 800 kilometers (500 miles) of Phobos. Controllers believe that an on-board computer malfuction resulted in a failure of orientation control, thus exhausting the craft's energy supply. The landers were never released.The Soviet Union collapsed at the end of 1991. The Russian government has attempted to continue an ambitious set of Mars exploration projects planned during the final years of the USSR. The missions include orbiters, balloons, surface penetrators, and rovers. During this period, the Russians have stepped up efforts to cooperate with the United States, European countries, and other foreign governments.

Tuesday, August 2, 2016

The Malfunction of the Two party system.

(1.1)>>The American two party system is in dire straights . The last few days radio talk was devoted to the "system" , many of issues with Hillary's e-mails , and Trump's lack of restraint regarding what he says . Yes, Hillary lied , but Trump has a big mouth . (1.1.1)>>Trump said the "election is rigged". He 's onto something . The public opinion of our government is low.Voters can respond in a couple of ways. The first is to stay away, and not vote. Off year elections have dismal turn-out, typically around 25% of eligible voters. This isn’t the sign of an engaged or enthusiastic electorate, and isn’t a good sign for a democracy. A second common response is to reject either party. The current two-party political system has encouraged the rise of the most extreme candidates, taking rational moderates out of the national conversation,The current two-party system gives too much power to the extremists in each party. Much of that is actually institutional in nature. So, for example, the primary system means that in a lot of states, independent voters are essentially unrepresented in choosing the two candidates who are going to appear on the general election ballot.  In this election , the heated rhetoric between Trump and Hillary is no exception . The demand for " Change " that catchy word that Pres. Obama wiggled his way through the last eight years in reality has maintained the status quo. I've often asked my self . I am better off than I was eight years ago ? (1.2)>>our nations two party system has slipped into chaosPeople on both the left and right are fed up with the current political system, though for vastly different reasons. Conservatives, for the most part, are angry that Republican politicians have been unable to stop Obama. Their fury over Obamacare spurred the creation of the Tea Party. Disaffected conservatives took to the streets in outrage, as much at their own party as with Obama. Conservatives are also angry that Republicans campaign on promises, like defunding Plan Parenthood, but never follow through. Many conservatives are sick of Republicans, but that doesn’t mean they’ll vote for a Democrat. (2)>>They’re expressing their disdain by embracing Trump.Liberals are angry that Democrats haven’t been able to change what they see as a rigged system that allows corporations to dominate government. They wanted to see bankers go to jail after the crash of 2008. They’re furious about Citizen’s United, which they see as allowing corporations to buy elections. And they’re angry at Democratic politicians (like Hilary Clinton) for being too cozy with Wall Street. That’s why many are embracing the boisterously anti-Wall Street Sanders.Conservatism will continue to decline in the coming decades. Those 20 somethings that were feeling the burn will be 30 somethings by 2024. As a result both parties will more towards the left. If the republicans win in 2016, conservatism will decline faster. But regardless, conservatism has peaked.If Clinton wins, Sanders will still be leading election of downticket progressives and getting progressives into state level party leadership positions. Corruption issues will NOT go away-but house cleaning may happen more closely as Clinton supporters die off and millennials mature and get into office.Trump and Clinton both have low approval ratings.  If the current election cycle cause a collapse of a major party on the national level (much more likely for the Republicans, though the Democrats aren’t immune, and their turn might be coming up) then the local party structures will be intact and that is where election laws are made.Major third parties in America have included the Socialist Party, Libertarian Party, Anti-Masonic Party, Know-Nothing Party, Constitution Party, Green Party and Free Soil Party. While third-party candidates have never held presidential office, they have ran and won numerous smaller positions at the state and local levels. Third parties have also advocated for issues such as women’s suffrage, the abolition of slavery and workers’ rights, challenging incumbent parties to put reforms into effect.There are more than 100 national third parties in the U.S. today, but most lack the ballot status in most states to make a bid for president. The “winner takes all” system of the U.S. electoral college also favors the two-party system. In recent years, the presence of third-party and independent candidates such as Ross Perot in the 1992 election and Ralph Nader in the 2000 election have drawn attention to the need for election and party reform.


NOTES AND COMMENTS:

(1.1)>>The American two party system is in dire straights .I feel like there should be more that two parties in the system of government in America. This is because the politics seem to be centered around making the other party look bad and minimize their point of view. Instead of should be focused on what the people who they are representing want. The job of politicians is to focus on the people and doing what the majority of the population feels is important and push forward these ideas. Instead it seems the politicans are forwarding their party and what the party thinks is important, and not the people. This makes progress very slow and the people lose their voice. Politicans put their party needs over the people they are representing.(1)>>our nations two party system has slipped into chaos .The nation faces all sorts of serious problems, from growing inequality to spreading international terrorism, but the bitter fight between Democrats and Republicans has largely ground government to a halt. Partisans on both sides are so angry they can barely speak with the other, much less work together. The most extreme are convinced that members of the other party are treasonous and purposefully harming the nation. This isn’t just a perception. A recent Pew Research survey found that 36 percent of Republicans thought that liberal policies are “a threat to the nation’s well-being.” 27 percent of Democrats feel the same way about conservatives. They don’t just think they have better ideas or their opponents are misguided and honestly believe that the other side is more interested in partisan gain than the well-being of the nation. Many of the more extreme partisans simply refuse to work with the other side. The result is that the two parties have the nation’s capital, and many state capitals, in a death grip. (1.1.1)>>Trump said the "election is rigged". The two major political parties have a strangle hold on the election process. Other political parties have to struggle with insane ballot access laws in the states; and, do not get equal time during the General Election with access to the debate process.  (2)>>They’re expressing their disdain by embracing Trump.  I expect Trump will be impeached and convicted and removed from office in his first year. He will do something outrageous and blatantly illegal. The process will be supported by a bipartisan Democrat/Republican coalition. Trump chose to run as a Republican, not as an independent, because it was the best way to get exposure. Third parties do not do well in the US; they tend to act only as spoilers.